This is the studio recording of the episode "The Fire Race, Part 2". This particular track is common to the series, usually when Speed is in closing in on his opponents to finish a race. (I've not searched the entire series for instances of the track)
Composed by Nobuyoshi Koshibe, the music from Speed Racer is well known by the generation that grew up with it. I've combined it with a video from the actual episode.